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Monday, July 27, 2020 | History

4 edition of Soluble fibre-induced changes in faecal sterol output found in the catalog.

Soluble fibre-induced changes in faecal sterol output

Soluble fibre-induced changes in faecal sterol output

a hypocholesterolemic mechanism.

  • 90 Want to read
  • 15 Currently reading

Published by National Library of Canada in Ottawa .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.Sc.) -- University of Toronto, 1994.

SeriesCanadian theses = -- Thèses canadiennes
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Pagination2 microfiches : negative. --
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17035417M
ISBN 100315963832
OCLC/WorldCa222155002

  HOW SOLUBLE FIBER WORKS: Soluble fiber, sometimes called viscous fiber, expands and forms a gel when it encounters water in the digestive tract, creating a sense of fullness. Some types of soluble fiber reduce the absorption of cholesterol and . Dietary fiber (British spelling fibre) or roughage is the portion of plant-derived food that cannot be completely broken down by human digestive enzymes. It has two main components: Soluble fiber – which dissolves in water – is generally fermented in the colon into gases and physiologically active by-products, such as short-chain fatty acids produced in the colon by gut bacteria.

These water-soluble form, bile acids e.g., deoxycholic and lithocholic are adsorbed to dietary fibre and an increased faecal loss of sterols, dependent in part on the amount and type of fibre. A further factor is an increase in the bacterial mass and activity of the ileum as .   Fiber, soluble and insoluble: Fiber (the portion of plants that cannot be digested by the human digestive tract) is classified as soluble and insoluble.. Oats, beans, dried peas, and legumes are major sources of soluble fiber whereas wheat bran, whole grain products, and vegetables are major sources of insoluble fiber.

Best Sources of Soluble Fiber From Natural Foods. Fiber is a type of carbohydrate that does not get digested in the system. Fiber is either insoluble and soluble. Both types fill you up, which is good for weight loss, but soluble fiber gives you a little more bang .   In summary, differential dietary soluble fiber levels produced changes in canine fecal microbiome and serum metabolome, and these changes are in part correlated through imputed microbial gene functional capacity. Support or Funding Information. Both authors employed by, and study funded by, Hill’s Pet Nutrition, Inc. Science and Technology.


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Soluble fibre-induced changes in faecal sterol output Download PDF EPUB FB2

The results of faecal sterol composition in gorillas and chimpanzees are shown in Table 1 and Figs Figs1 1 and and2. Although their sterol excretion patterns seem very similar, some differences exist.

In both species, plant sterols represent the Cited by: 9. The faecal excretion of coprostanol, cholestanol, cholestanone, coprostanone, and bile acid derivatives did not differ between the two groups of pigs (Figure 2 A,B,C and D).

Lupin protein isolate also did not influence the faecal output of triglycerides compared to casein (casein group: ± g/d; lupin protein group: ± g/d).Cited by: The intake of 17 - 30 g/d lupin kernel fibre for four weeks led to an increase of 21% in faecal output and resulted in a 17% decline in transit time.

In the current study, all tested fibre interventions led to an enhanced excretion of total SCFA as well as the main SCFA acetate, propionate, and n Cited by:   In rats fed this semisynthetic diet, the plasma cholesterol was lowered and the faecal steroid output increased when a relatively indigestible soybran supplement was given.

In man, the effect of increasing dietary fibre from 17 to 45g/day in six subjects was to increase mean daily bile acid output from to mg/day (P Cited by: 5. In contrast, cholestyramine significantly increased the faecal excretion of bile acids only. Quantitatively, the greatest faecal output of total sterols was found in rats fed both sorbents, however, the increase was moderate and statistically non-significant in comparison with output of sterols in rats fed amidated pectin by:   Faecal samples were measured for cholesterol output markers to determine if the fractionated GS-WK oil and/or wax affected cholesterol absorption.

Total sterol (neutral + bile salts) output was significantly higher for all the athero fed animals compared. The excreted Soluble fibre-induced changes in faecal sterol output book were primarily neutral sterols, i.e., cholesterol and its.

The mean daily faecal output per swan was 52 g dry weight. The nitrogen content of the faeces averaged % of dry weight, and was dominated by soluble organic nitrogen (59% of total N). in faecal bile acid excretion but there was a modest decrease in the serum cholesterol.

Such changes in sterol metabolism were not found for the potato fibre of any. Introduction. The health effects of food hydrocolloids are dependent on how they are incorporated into foods and in the diet.

There are many hydrocolloid carbohydrates naturally present in plant foods as part of the cell wall, such as hemicelluloses and pectin, or with other more specific roles within the plant such as storage polysaccharides like guar gum, exudates like gum acacia, and.

Investigation of the covariate effect of the food intake parameters failed to show any effect on the bowel habit parameters except that water consumed influenced the % water in stool (p=) and dry weight (p=) but had no significant effect on wet weight (p=).However, adjustment for water consumed made no qualitative difference to the treatment effect.

Abstract. The in vitro water-holding properties of 17 dietary fibre preparations, mainly food materials, bulk laxatives, and gel-forming polysaccharides, have been measured. Water uptake was measured by a centrifugation technique and also by a new method using sacs of dialysis tubing containing the material, immersed in simulated gut contents.

The effects of amidated carboxymethylcellulose, amidated pectin, and psyllium on serum and hepatic cholesterol, hepatic fat, and fecal output of sterols were examined in female rats.

One avocado packs grams of dietary fiber. However, one serving — or one-third of the fruit — provides about grams, of which are soluble (9, 10).Rich in both soluble and insoluble.

After 16 weeks total faecal bile acid output was greater with the soluble (±56 mg/day) compared with the insoluble (±35; P=) fibre diet but no differences were seen in faecal neutral sterol elimination.

The treatment difference in faecal lithocholic acid output related to the difference in serum PSA (r=; P=). In contrast to dietary intake, the faecal excretion of RS was negatively related to faecal ammonia concentration (r =P faecal output (r =P. Instead, focus on total fibre (soluble and insoluble).

Adult men should get 38 grams of total fibre and adult women should get 25 grams of fibre every day. If you need to lower your cholesterol, aim for at least 10 grams of soluble per day. What foods have soluble fibre. Soluble fibre is found in some legumes, grain products, vegetables and fruits.

The faecal sterol coprostanol was detected at μg g−1 (60% of total sterols) in sediment adjacent to the Davis sewage outfall and up to μg g−1 on the shoreline at Davis Beach.

After 16 weeks total fecal bile acid output was greater with the soluble (+/ mg. daily) compared to the insoluble (+/, p = ) fiber diet but no differences were seen in fecal neutral sterol elimination. The treatment difference in fecal lithocholic acid output related to the difference in serum PSA (r =p = ).

It has been demonstrated that statins can increase intestinal sterol absorption. Augments in phytosterolemia seems related to cardiovascular disease. We examined the role of soluble fiber intake in endogenous cholesterol synthesis and in sterol absorption among subjects under highly effective lipid-lowering therapy.

In an open label, randomized, parallel-design study with blinded endpoints. Water-soluble fibers significantly lower serum cholesterol in humans and animals, whereas water-insoluble fibers do not (Anderson and Tietyen-Clark, ). Soluble fibers, the dietary fibers extracted from plant cell walls by hot water, include pectins, gums, and some hemicelluloses.

Soluble fibre can be found in some vegetables, fruit, grains€and legumes such as€dried beans and peas. When water is added to a€food the soluble fibre thickens and becomes sticky, gummy and gel like. Soluble fibre can help slow the digestion of food. Soluble fibre helps to: Lower blood cholesterol levels.

Aim for at least 10 grams (g) of.PROMITOR® Soluble Fibre has been tested by a number of independent researchers to validate its effectiveness and demonstrate physiological health benefits. The following are some highlights of the research on the health benefits of PROMITOR® Soluble Fibre: • Promotes healthy laxation20, 30 and produces fewer negative faecal metabolites  "The gel-like substance is the soluble fiber in the seeds working their magic.

Soluble fiber slows down digestion, keeping you fuller longer and balances blood sugar," she explains. The dietitian also notes that soluble fiber's viscosity allows it to bind to harmful cholesterol (LDL) and effectively pull it out of the body through waste.